Anti Money Laundering (AML)

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A legal and regulatory measure, often required, to prevent money laundering. Anti-money laundering measures are especially necessary for the cryptocurrency space since transactions and currency holdings may be completely anonymous.

 

Boot Sector Virus

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The boot sector virus made its debut during the floppy disk era and continues to infect computers by entering its boot sector through removable mediums such as flash drives. Also, email attachments are used for viral entry. Boot sector viruses are especially dangerous as they are activated once the infected computer is turned on. Since this virus encrypts the boot sector they very difficult to remove.

 

Bounty

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Bounty models brought to the cryptocurrency community reward individuals or a group for specific work such as language translation, referrals, or reporting errors to a project's developers.

 

Byzantine Generals Problem

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Byzantine Generals Problem- A theoretical problem in which participants in a network need to coordinate a consensus. “The Byzantine Generals Problem” is a paper published in 1982 that compares distributed computer consensus to isolated generals trying to agree on a plan only using messengers. In this example, the Generals must decide whether to attack or withdraw from the potential conflict. Since communication can only occur through messengers, there is the potential that the other generals may not receive the message or that a traitor could manipulate the consensus. This theory has inspired the Proof-of-Work system seen in blockchain technology.

https://web.archive.org/web/20170205142845/http://lamport.azurewebsites.net/pubs/byz.pdf