Anti Money Laundering (AML)

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A legal and regulatory measure, often required, to prevent money laundering. Anti-money laundering measures are especially necessary for the cryptocurrency space since transactions and currency holdings may be completely anonymous.

 

Atomic Swap

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A decentralized, trustless mechanism that allows individuals to exchange one cryptocurrency for another between blockchains through the use of a smart contract. Atomic swaps are peer-to-peer where the smart contract acts to prevent a malicious party from taking currency from the person who initiates the deal.

 

Benchmark

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In trading, it is the act of measuring the performance of one asset by comparing it to another. In computer science, a benchmark is a process of assessing a computer or program's performance using a battery of standard tests.

 

Bitcoin

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Bitcoin is most known for being the first cryptocurrency and blockchain officially released in 2009. Bitcoin as defined by its creator Satoshi Nakamoto: “a purely peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution… We propose a solution to the double-spending problem using a peer-to-peer network.” https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf